Admiralty law, also known as maritime law, covers topics such as navigation, waters, insurance, canals and even piracy. It is now under the jurisdiction of the federal district courts, and the courts affirm that the ship's flag determines the country of origin of the law. Commercial law deals with any aspect of law that has to do with industry and commerce, from taxes and liability to licenses and trademarks. This extremely broad section of the law is divided into numerous areas of expertise.
Constitutional law requires in-depth knowledge of the U. S. Constitution to understand all its possible interpretations and implementations. This subject of law is designed to preserve relations between state and federal governments (as well as internal relations) and also protect the rights of the individual.
Constitutional law is largely based on rulings handed down in the Supreme Court. Criminal law revolves around the governmental prosecution of any person who allegedly committed a criminal act, as defined by public law. An act cannot be classified as a crime if no precedent has been established under government or common law law, and lawsuits between two individuals or organizations are considered civil and not criminal cases. Environmental legislation comes mainly from a group of federal laws passed in 1970 that required agencies and companies to consider the effect of their practices on the environment.
The laws enacted laws and regulations that would protect the environment from public and private actions. The First Amendment Act focuses on protecting the rights of citizens to freedom of speech, religion, the press and assembly against the law enacted by Congress. Because the state's primary duty is to maintain public health, most health laws and regulations are based on the state. Federal health law focuses on the Department of Health and Human Services, which is ultimately in charge of the Medicare and Medicaid programs.
Health care legal practice can also cover medical negligence, licensing, patient rights, and bioethical policy. Cybersecurity law is a legal field that supports the privacy, confidentiality, and protection of public and private information systems. Students with a focus on cybersecurity will learn about national and international laws and regulations related to cybersecurity, as these laws will continue to evolve in the digital age. This field of law may be a good fit for people interested in online security, data management, and privacy-related policies.
Environmental law encompasses all levels of government, statutes, regulations and laws related to the protection of the environment. This includes topics such as natural resource management, pollution, land disputes, environmental policies, and more. This type of law specialization is a viable option for students interested in climate change and environmental activism. Family law is another common type of law in which to specialize.
It focuses on legal relationships that involve any individual within a family unit. Professionals in this field manage legal arrangements related to child welfare, adoption, custody, domestic partnerships, divorce, and more. Students learn about legal implications in the context of a family. This area of legal practice may be the ideal choice for individuals interested in working closely with families, many of whom are going through periods of transition.
Health law encompasses any legislation related to health care, including the representation of patients, health professionals, clinics, insurance companies, and more. Students studying health law learn about the legislative, executive, and judicial regulations that govern the healthcare industry. This field of law could be suitable for professionals interested in the evolution of health systems. International law is a broad category that refers to the rules and regulations that govern international relations, including relations between the United Nations, states and individuals, international organizations, and more.
Students studying this area of law are exposed to the legal responsibilities of the way UN states interact with each other. This type of specialization in law is likely to interest professionals who enjoy learning about global issues and international policies. Labor and labor law covers legal issues related to relations between the employee and the employer. This includes issues such as wage compensation, harassment, gender, racial or disability discrimination, and more.
Students studying labor and employment law are exposed to workplace mandates and regulations. This field of law may be better suited to people with specific passions; namely professionals interested in workplace equality, fair compensation, and employee protection. Animal law is another type of legal specialization which has non-human animals as its subject matter. Working in this field means that your main objective will be to defend animal rights together with organizations that serve them; duties include defending endangered wildlife or domestic animals from inhumane facilities or practices with respect to animals.Banking & financial law is defined as a legal practice which oversees “the organization ownership & operation” banks & depository institutions; mortgage banks & other financial service providers regulated or authorized by state or federal banking regulators & holding companies”; this also includes financial institutions & their lending practices to borrowers; more generally banking & financial laws aim to regulate banking & financial institutions & their practices with each other & how they do business with others; reporting practices; taxes & more.